A Breakdown of The Types of Web Hosting

The web hosting world is super fascinating. It gives you all kinds of options to get your site out on the web.

Hundreds of companies are already competing for your business, each offering several types of web hosting plans. Understandably, things can get very confusing very fast.

Every site has a web host, but you already know that. But what some of you may not know is that not every website is hosted the same way.

It’s why you need to educate yourself about the different types of web hosting. This knowledge will ultimately help you figure out the best option for your website.

In this guide, we’ll explain everything you need to know about web hosting and its types. By the end of it, VPS, dedicated, and reseller hosting won’t just be ‘geek’ terms for you.

Ready? Let’s begin.

Why the Different Types of Web Hosting Are So Important

Before diving into the web hosting types, let’s familiarize ourselves with web hosting.

Websites are hosted on powerful pieces of hardware called servers that store the websites, along with their data. Every component of a particular website is kept on a server that’s accessible through your web host. Think files, text, videos, images… you get the drift.

The servers are managed by different web hosting companies that provide the technology and server space for your website. It’s how visitors can reach your site and view your content.

The interesting thing here is that all servers are different. It’s why you have a variety of web hosting options.

While most guides cover the four main types of web hosting, we want you to get the full picture. That’s why we’ll be discussing all of the six different types of web hosting.

#1 Shared Web Hosting

Hailed as the perfect entry-level website hosting, shared hosting is when your website is stored on the same server as several other websites.

When you choose a shared hosting plan, all the domains share the same server resources, including RAM and CPU. Naturally, since all the resources are shared, this type of hosting is the cheapest, making them an excellent option for beginners or entry-level bloggers.

Think of shared hosting as living in a hostel. While you do get your personal space, you have to share resources like electricity, water, and the kitchen or living room with your roommates.

The only catch? Potential slow loading times and performance issues.

Continuing with our hostel example, you might get a little late for an interview if your roommate takes longer in the shower, right? Similarly, you can face performance issues with your website if another website on your server experiences a traffic spike. – Read more

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Cyberattacks Against Online Retail Continue to Rise

Cyberattacks Against Online Retail Continue to Rise

Cyberattacks Against Online Retail Continue to Rise

The growth of online retailers is followed closely by the acceleration of cyberattacks. Unlike a lot of traditional B&M stores that were forced to close during the Covid-19 pandemic, online retail has experienced a boom. Whilst the World Economic Forum reported that the move to stay at home resulted in a decrease in the virus number, researchers at Salesforce showed that global digital sales grew by 36%, year-on-year, to December 2020.

As expected, cybercriminals are ‘following the money’ with the result that the retail industry is seeing an uptick in cyber-attacks as online transactions soar.

The Cyber-Threat Landscape and the Online Retailer in 2021
Online retail is predicted to experience a staggering £5.9 billion ($8.1 billion) worth of losses each year because of cyber-attacks. And according to a recent Ponemon study, a cyber-attack affecting an online retailer, costs, on average, over $2 million.

Cybercriminals use several methods to target vulnerable e-commerce sites, these include:

Web Application Attacks

Online retail is the go-to target for many web-borne cyber-attacks. The 2020 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR) revealed that in 43% of all data breaches, web applications were the target. As 2020 panned out, there was an increase of around 800% in web application-based attacks. The most common attack types on web applications include remote code execution, data leakage, and cross-site scripting (XSS).

Credential stuffing and Online Retail

Credential stuffing uses previously stolen login credentials in an attempt to take over an account. Akamai, a vendor that keeps watch on credential stuffing attacks, found that the retail sector was the most targeted for this form of attack. Attack detections in the commerce category of the report hit 64 billion credential stuffing attempts between 2018 and 2020. The retail sector accounted for around 90% of all such attacks in the category.

Denial of Service (DDoS)

A DDoS attack uses (often) thousands of ‘bot’ infected devices to send out malicious traffic to target websites. These ‘bot’s, aka malware, are specifically designed to overwhelm a website/webserver and cause it to crash. Amazon Web Services (AWS) was hit with the largest DDoS attack in history during 2020. The cyber-attack affected thousands of retailers, dependent on online sales to maintain their business during the pandemic.

Events and phishing

Cybercriminals love an event. By focusing their campaigns on big calendar happenings in the retail world, hackers can use social engineering tricks to create successful phishing campaigns. In the run-up to Black Friday 2020, a surge in phishing attacks related to the event were detected. A Check Point report found a 13X increase in phishing emails in the six weeks to Black Friday. The rate of phishing in November 2020, was around one in every 826 emails delivered, compared to less than one in 11,000 at the start of October. Check Point explains the likely reason for the increase are cybercriminals capitalizing on people staying at home and shopping online.

API Attacks

The world of retail is increasingly dependent on API calls to find out information, check customer identity, and perform transactions. But APIs are a potential weak spot in terms of security. Attacks on retail APIs, during 2020, far exceeded the levels of attacks in previous years, according to research. Popular attack vectors include cross-site scripting (XSS) and SQL injection.

Client-side Attacks

The CMS (Content Management System) frameworks, used as platforms for many online retail outlets, are a target for cyber-attacks. One of the most infamous recent attacks of this nature was the attack on UK airline, British Airways (BA). The company was fined around £20 million ($27 million) for a breach that affected 185,000 reward program customers and a further 380,000 users of the airline’s app and website. The company is now expecting a customer settlement bill of around £3 billion. The breach occurred when a malicious script comprising 22 lines of code was inserted into the BA website. A vulnerability in a web element allowed the hack to occur. Once in situ, the code facilitated a transfer of data to ‘baways.com’, a very similar looking URL to the legitimate ‘britishairways.com’.

Other client-side attacks include the misuse or incorrect implementation of secure internet communications. For example, the use of the principle of securing data in transit is vital to maintain data security. The use of encrypted communication protocols, such as Transport Layer Security (TLS) when transmitting data across Wi-Fi or other networks, prevents Man-in-the-Middle attacks, which result in the theft of login credentials.

Online shopping for food, medicines, and other essentials, has been a vital service during the pandemic. With more people choosing to shop online, the online shopping trend is expected to continue. Online retailers can offer a secure shopping experience to customers by taking precautions and closing off the routes to a cyber-attack.

WebTitan protects your business and customers against all cyberattacks. Find out how you can better protect your organization from cyberattacks in 2021 and start a 30 day free trial today!

Find out more about WebTitan Here

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